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Lázaro W. Viñola-López Juan N. Almonte

Resumen

Las tortugas terrestres del género Chelonoidis tuvieron una amplia distribución en el Caribe insular y las Bahamas durante el Pleistoceno tardío y el Holoceno. Dos especies de este género, C. marcanoi Turvey et al., 2017 y C. dominicensis Albury et al., 2018 fueron recientemente descritas a partir de elementos colectados en depósitos en el suroeste y este de República Dominicana respectivamente. Aquí revisamos el estatus taxonómico de las especies de Chelonoidis en La Española a partir de elementos previamente descritos y de otros recientemente colectados. Restos más diagnósticos colectados en el suroeste de República Dominicana sugieren que C. marcanoi es un sinónimo anterior de C. dominicensis. Esta especie tuvo una amplia distribución a través del sur de la región oriental de La Española, incluyendo la Paleo-isla norte y sureste. La nueva colección de fósiles de la región de Pedernales también incluye restos asociados de una especie, Chelonoidis gersoni sp. nov., cercanamente emparentada con C. cubensis y C. marcanoi. La forma triangular de la proyección del gular en el entoplastron en esta nueva especie es única entre las tortugas de este género.

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Palabras Clave

Chelonoidis, Antillas Mayores, República Dominicana, Cuaternario, extinción

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Cómo citar

Viñola-López, L. W., & Almonte, J. N. (2022). Revisión de las tortugas terrestres fósiles (Testudines: Testudinidae) de La Española con la descripción de una especie nueva. Novitates Caribaea, (20), 11–29. https://doi.org/10.33800/nc.vi20.302

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