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Gunther Köhler https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2563-5331 S. Blair Hedges https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0652-2411

Resumen

Revisamos las especies de Anolis verdes (e.g., las especies relacionadas a Anolis aliniger, A. chlorocyanus y A. coelestinus.) que ocurren en la Hispaniola. Basados en nuestros análisis de datos morfológicos y moleculares, nosotros reconocemos 16 especies de Anolis verdes, ocho de las cuales describimos como nuevas especies (A. apletolepis sp. nov., A. chlorodius sp. nov., A. divius sp. nov., A. eladioi sp. nov., A. gonavensis sp. nov., A. leucodera sp. nov., A. prasinorius sp. nov. y A. viridius sp. nov.), tres que elevamos de subespecies a nivel de especies (A. cyanostictus, A. demissus y A. pecuarius) y una que es resucitada de sinonimia de A. chlorocyanus (A. peynadoi). Debido a que los seis sintipos de A. chlorocyanus (MNHN 785, 787, 2007.2066–09) son conespecíficos con el único sintipo disponible de A. coelestinus (i.e, MCZ 3347), hemos presentado una propuesta a la Comisión Internacional de Nomenclatura Zoológica (siglas en Inglés ICZN) solicitando que utilice su poder plenario para dejar a un lado el estado de tipo de los sintipos de Anolis chlorocyanus y permitir la designación de un neotipo con el fin de estabilizar el uso actual y habitual de los nombres de A. chlorocyanus y A. coelestinus. Para cada especie nosotros proveemos una descripción estandarizada de su morfología externa, descripciones de color en vida, fotografías a color en vida, descripción e ilustración de la morfología de los hemipenes (cuando están disponibles), mapa de distribución basado en los especímenes examinados, comentarios sobre el estado de conservación y notas de su historia natural. Finalmente, proveemos una clave dicotómica para la identificación de las 16 especies de Anolis verdes que ocurren en la Hispaniola.

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Palabras Clave

Reptilia, Anolis, República Dominicana, Haití, Hispaniola, especies nuevas, filogenia, taxonomía

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Cómo citar

Köhler, G. y Blair Hedges, S. (2016) «Una revisión de los Anolis verdes de la Hispaniola con descripción de ocho especies nuevas (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae)», Novitates Caribaea, 0(9), pp. 1-135. doi: 10.33800/nc.v0i9.38.