Patricia Torres-Pineda Carlos M. Rodríguez-Peña Óscar M. Lasso-Alcalá Arlen Marmolejo


 Se estudió la estructura de la población de Limia zonata (Nichols, 1915) en cuatro localidades del río Maimón, provincia Monseñor Nouel, República Dominicana. Se calculó la proporción sexual y de adultos-juveniles para todas las localidades muestreadas. Se encontró que la proporción sexual de L. zonata es significativamente diferente de 1:1 y está sesgada hacia las hembras (1.0: 1.6). Los peces juveniles fueron más abundantes y frecuentes que los adultos (69.3%). Se midieron y pesaron más de 800 peces para analizar la frecuencia de clases de tallas, morfometría y condición corporal de la especie. Se distinguieron diez clases de tallas que variaron sus frecuencias en función del sexo. La longitud total de los ejemplares medidos estuvo dentro del rango 6.50-65.69 mm, mientras que el peso total varió entre 0.004 y 3.941 g. La morfología varió entre sexos y se encontró un marcado dimorfismo sexual. Todas las variables morfométricas estudiadas presentaron un alto nivel de asociación (r). El ajuste de los modelos de regresión (r2) de las relaciones morfométricas estuvo entre 85 a 99%. La relación longitud estándar-peso total mostró variación significativa entre los sexos, sugiriendo distintos ritmos de crecimiento. El Factor de Condición Relativo (Kn) demostró el buen estado de salud de la población de peces, pero se detectaron variaciones entre los sexos.


Palabras Clave

Poeciliidae, Limia, proporción sexual, morfometría, ecosistema fluvial

Bisazza, A. 1993. Male competition, female mate choice and sexual size dimorphism in poeciliid fishes. Marine & Freshwater Behaviour & Physiology, 23 (1-4): 257-286.

Bagenal, T. B., and F. W. Tesch. 1978. Age and growth methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. IBP handbook N° 3. Blackwell Press. Oxford, pp. 101-136.

Burgess, G. H., and R. Franz. 1989. Zoogeography of the Antillean freshwater fish fauna. Biogeography of the West Indies: past, present, and future. Sandhill Crane Press, Florida, pp. 263-304.

Cabral, J. A., and J. C. Marques. 1999. Life history, population dynamics and production of eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki (Pisces, Poeciliidae), in rice fields of the lower Mondego River Valley, western Portugal. Acta Oecologica, 20 (6): 607-620.

Canty, A., and B. Ripley. 2017. boot: Bootstrap R (S-Plus) Functions. R package version 1.3-20.

Chapman, L. J., D. L. Kramer, and C. A. Chapman. 1991. Population Dynamics of the Fish Poecilia gillii (Poeciliidae) in Pools of an Intermittent Tropical Stream. The Journal of Animal Ecology, 60 (2): 441-453.

Cohen, S. N., J. U. Regus, Y. Reynoso, T. Mastro, and D. N. Reznick. 2015. Comparative life histories of fishes in the subgenus Limia (Pisces: Poeciliidae). Journal of Fish Biology, 87 (1): 100-114.

Constantz, G. D. 1989. Reproductive Biology of Poeciliid Fishes, 33-50 pp. In G. K. Meffe and F. F. Snelson Jr. (Eds.), Ecology and Evolution of Livebearing fishes (Poeciliidae), Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, United States.

Contreras-MacBeath, T., and H. R. Espinoza. 1996. Some Aspects of the Reproductive Strategy of Poeciliopsis gracilis (Osteichthyes: Poeciliidae) in the Cuautla River, Morelos, Mexico. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 11 (3): 327-338.

Farr, A. J. 1989. Sexual selection and secondary sexual differentiation in poeciliids: Determinants of male mating success and the evolution of female choice, 91-123 pp. In G. F. Meffe and F. F. Snelson Jr. (Eds.), Ecology and Evolution of Livebearing fishes (Poeciliidae), Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, United States.

Fisher, R. A. 1930. The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 272 pp.

Froese, R. 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta analysis and recommendations. Journal of applied ichthyology, 22 (4): 241-253.

Gómez-Márquez, J. L., J. L. Guzmán-Santiago, and A. Olvera-Soto. 1999. Reproduction and growth of Heterandria bimaculata (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae) in the Laguna “El Rodeo”, Morelos, Mexico. Revista de Biología Tropical, 47 (3): 581-592.

Gómez-Márquez, J. L., B. Peña-Mendoza, I. H. Salgado-Ugarte, A. K. Sánchez-Herrera, and L. Sastré-Báez. 2008. Reproduction of the fish Poeciliopsis gracilis (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae) in Coatetelco, a tropical shallow lake in Mexico. Revista de Biología Tropical, 56 (4): 1801-1812.

Gómez-Márquez, J. L., B. Peña-Mendoza, and J. L. Guzmán-Santiago. 2016. Reproductive biology of Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes, 1846 (Cyprinidontiformes: Poeciliidae) at the Emiliano Zapata Reservoir in Morelos, Mexico. Neotropical Ichthyology, 14 (2): 1-9.

Hamilton, A. 2001. Phylogeny of Limia (Teleostei: Poeciliidae) based on NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 19 (2): 277-289.

Haskins, C. P., E. F. Haskins, J. J. A. McLaughlin, and R. E. Hewitt. 1961. Polymorphism and population structure in Lebistes reticulatus, a population study, 320-395 pp. In C. G. Sibley and W. F. Blair (Eds.), Vertebrate Speciation. University of Texas Press, Texas.

Le Cren, E. 1951. The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). The Journal of Animal Ecology, 20: 201-219.

Lee, D. S., S. P. Platania, and G. H. Burgess. 1983. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C., 67 pp.

McPherson, L. R., A. Slotte, C. Kvamme, S. Meier, and C. T. Marshall. 2011. Inconsistencies in measurement of fish condition: a comparison of four indices of fat reserves for Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus). iCES Journal of Marine Science, 68: 52-60.

Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales de República Dominicana. 2011. Lista de Especies en Peligro de Extinción, Amenazadas o Protegidas de la República Dominicana (Lista Roja), 44 pp. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana.

Minitab 18 Statistical Software, [Computer software]. 2016. State College, PA: Minitab, Inc.

Montag, L. F. A., T. M. Freitas, D. O. Raiol, and M. V. da Silva. 2011. Length-weight relationship and reproduction of the guppy Poecilia reticulata (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae) in urban drainage channels in the Brazilian city of Belém. Biota Neotropica, 11 (3): 93-97.

Nikolsky, G. V. 1963. The Ecology of Fishes. New York, Academic Press, 352 pp.

Parenti, L. R. 1981. A phylogenetic and bioeographic analysis of Cyprinodontiform fishes Teleostei, Atherinomorpha. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 168 (4): 341-557.

Ramírez-García, A., J. P. Ramírez-Herrejón, M. Medina-Nava, R. Hernández-Morales, and O. Domínguez-Domínguez. 2018. Reproductive biology of the invasive species Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatus and Poecilia sphenops in the Teuchitlán River, México. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 34 (1): 81-90.

Rauchenberger, M. 1988. Historical biogeography of poeciliid fishes in the Caribbean. Systematic Zoology, 37 (4): 356-365.

R Core Team. 2016. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available in: http://www.R-project.org/.

Reza, U. B. S., and P. E. Díaz. 1994. Algunos aspectos de la biología reproductiva de Heterandria bimaculata (Poeciliidae). Resúmenes IV Congreso Nacional de Ictiología de Morelia, 57-58 pp. Michoacán, México.

Rodríguez-Peña, C. M. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Poeciliini (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae). Copeia, 1997 (4): 663-679.

Rosenthal, G. G., T. Y. Flores-Martínez, F. J. García de León, and M. J. Ryan. 2001. Shared preferences by predators and females for male ornaments in swordtails. The American Naturalist, 158 (2): 146-154.

Sinov?i?, G., M. Frani?evi?, B. Zorica, and V. ?ikeš Ke?. 2004. Length–weight and length– length relationships for 10 pelagic fish species from the Adriatic Sea (Croatia). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 20 (2): 156-158.

Snelson, F. F. Jr., and J. D. Wetherington. 1980. Sex ratio in the sailfin molly, Poecilia latipinna. Evolution, 34 (2): 308-319.

Snelson, F. F. Jr. 1984. Seasonal maturation and growth of males in a natural population of Poecilia latipinna. Copeia, 1: 252-255.

Snelson, F. F. Jr. 1989. Social and environmental control of life history traits in poeciliids, pp. 149-161. In G. K. Meffe and F. F. Snelson Jr. (Eds), Ecology and Evolution of Livebearing Fishes (Poeciliidae). Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Sturges, H. A. 1926. The choice of a class interval. Journal of the America Statistical Association, 21: 65-66.

Turner, J. S., and F. F. Snelson, Jr. 1984. Population structure, reproduction and laboratory behaviour of the introduced Belonesox belizanus (Poeciliidae) in Florida. Enviromental Biology of Fishes Journal, 10 (1): 89-100.

Ujjania, N. C., M. P. S. Kohli, and L. L. Sharma. 2012. Length weight relationship and condition factors of Indian major carps (C. catla, L. rohita and C. mrigala) in Mahi Bajaj Sagar, India. Research Journal of Biology, 2 (1): 30-36.

Vargas, M. J., and A. De Sostoa. 1996. Life history of Gambusia holbrooki (Pisces, Poeciliidae) in the Ebro delta (NE Iberian Peninsula). Hydrobiology, 341 (3): 215-224.

Weaver, P. F., A. Cruz, S. Johnson, J. Dupin, and K. F. Weaver. 2016. Colonizing the Caribbean: biogeography and evolution of livebearing fishes of the genus Limia (Poeciliidae). Journal of Biogeography, 43 (9): 1808-1819.

Winemiller, K. O., and K. A. Rose. 1992. Patterns of life-history diversification in North American fishes: implications for population regulation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 49 (10): 2196-2218.

Zeug, S. C., and K. O. Winemiller. 2008. Relationships between hydrology, spatial heterogeneity, and fish recruitment dynamics in a temperate floodplain river. River Research and Applications, 24 (1): 90-102.

Zúñiga-Vega, J. J., A. L. Hernández-Rosas, A. Molina-Moctezuma, H. A. Pérez-Mendoza, F. R. Rodríguez-Reyes, Y. M. Bravo-Espinosa, and H. Espinosa-Pérez. 2012. Population abundance and sex ratio of the viviparous freshwater fish Poeciliopsis baenschi (Poeciliidae) throughout its range in western Mexico. Western North American Naturalist, 72 (3): 357-368.
Derechos de Autor
Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.

Cómo citar

Torres-Pineda, P., Rodríguez-Peña, C. M., Lasso-Alcalá, Óscar M. y Marmolejo, A. (2019) «Estructura poblacional del pez endémico Limia zonata (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliinae) en el río Maimón, República Dominicana», Novitates Caribaea, 0(13), pp. 22-38. doi: 10.33800/nc.v0i13.190.